Cosmetic & Reconstructive Surgery Department

Call on : 022-6757-0111

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About Cosmetic & Reconstructive Surgery
Reconstructive surgery is that specialty of medicine that makes use of a number of surgical and non-surgical procedures to modify the appearance and function of a person's body. Reconstructive surgery procedures include both cosmetic enhancements as well as functionally reconstructive operations.

The basic goals of Reconstructive surgery are:
  • Correction of perceived disfigurement
  • Restoration of impaired functionality
  • Improvement of appearance
This is acheived by :
  • Tissues may be moved to fill in depressions, to cover wounds, or to improve appearance.
  • Tissues may be completely removed to alter the contours of a feature.
Unlike most of the branches of Medicine it is :
  • Not organ or system specific
  • Is applicable from intra uterine life to old age
  • To males as well as females and
  • From head to toes
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Hence its association with many specialities:
General surgery To Provide Cover for any defect
Orthopaedics HandSurger,Vascularised bone grafts, Cover
ENT Rhinoplasty, Ear Reconstruction
Neuro Surgery Craniosynostoses, Tumors of Skull, Orbits, etc.
Urology Hypospadiasis, Epispadiasis,
Paediatric Surgery Cover for defects of the Spine, etc.
Ophthalmology Oculoplastic Procedures
Gynaecology Vaginoplasty, Tuboplasty
Oncology Reconstruction
Cardiac surgery Sternotomy wounds Managements
Reconstructive plastic surgery is usually performed to restore to normal both form and function. Thus deformities resulting from:
  • Congenital or Developmental defects such as Cleft lip, Cleft palate
  • Traumatic injuries, such as facial bone fractures
  • Burns
  • Infections or diseases
  • Removal of cancers or tumors from any part of the body

In Aesthetic surgery also referred to as cosmetic surgery body beautification procedures are carried out by surgical and non surgical means. Most of the aesthetic/cosmetic procedures are known by their common names :

  • Abdominoplasty-(or "tummy tuck"): reshaping and firming of the abdomen.
  • Blepharoplasty-(or "eyelid surgery"): Reshaping of the eyelids.
  • Mammoplasty-
        • Breast augmentation(enlargement)-This involves use of saline or silicone gel prosthetics.
        • Breast reduction-Removal of skin and glandular tissue.
  • Mastopexy-(or "breast lift") Raising or reshaping of breasts. Involves removal of breast skin as opposed to glandular tissue.
  • Buttock Augmentation-(or "butt implants") Enhancement of the buttocks using silicone implants or fat grafting and transfer from other areas of the body.
  • Rhytidectomy-(or "face lift") Removal of wrinkles and signs of aging from the face.
  • Rejuvenation of Vulva including Hymen reconstruction, Labiaplasty-Surgical reduction and reshaping of the labia, etc.
  • Suction-Assisted Lipectomy-(or liposuction) Removal of fat from the body.
  • Rhinoplasty-(or "nose job") Reshaping of the nose.
  • Otoplasty- (or ear surgery) Reshaping of the ear.
  • Chin augmentation-This can involve use of implants like silicone or by sliding genioplasty of the jawbone.
  • Cheek augmentation
  • Laser skin resurfacing
  • Injection of dermal fillers-(collagen, hyaluronic acid, fat, and others).
  • Chemical peel-These are performed to minimize the appearance of acne, pock, and other scars as well as wrinkles, solar lentigines (age spots, freckles), and photodamage in general. Chemical peels commonly involve carbolic acid (Phenol), trichloroacetic acid (TCA), glycolic acid (AHA), or salicylic acid (BHA) as the active agent.
About Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery includes corrective surgeries for a wide range of diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons treat problems such as the extraction of wisdom teeth, misaligned jaws, tumors and cysts of the jaw and mouth, and to perform dental implant surgeries. The scope of this specialty is extensive and concerns the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the oral (mouth) and maxillofacial (face and neck) regions, including the following:
  • Fractures of Maxillofacial Skeleton using low profile bone plates.
  • Infective diseases of the Maxillofacial region.
  • Correction of deformities of the Maxillofacial region (Orthognatic Surgery) Aesthetic Surgery.
  • Tempero-mandibular joint diseases. Reconstructions of the joint.
  • Benign Tumors of the jaws & oral-cavity.
  • Cystic lesions of the jaws and oral-cavity.
  • Diseases of the salivary gland.
  • Functional & Aesthetic correction of deformities with distraction osteogenesis.
  • Removal of malpositioned/ Impacted teeth.
  • Alveolar ridge reconstruction/ dental implants.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (OMFS) frequently work alongside other specialists including dentists, orthodontists, prosthodontists, radiologists, pathologists, oncologists, ENT surgeons, neurosurgeons and plastic surgeons.